The long head of the triceps extends the shoulder joint, so performing variations like kickbacks or pushdowns with shoulder extension get the long head in a ‘shorter’ more contracted position. Everyone has been told to perform ‘overhead’ variations to target the long head but they completely misunderstand how this actually works. When you put the long head in a stretched position (shoulder flexion – i.e. overhead) this INHIBITS the long head from concentrically contracting and just serve potential benefits by creating more muscle damage during the eccentric portion.

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